Biography Salinas and the National Steinbeck Center InSalinas, California was a prosperous farming community, founded about fifty years earlier. Only fifteen miles from the Pacific, the mile long Salinas Valley was cool and often foggy, temperatures moderate, and the soil rich beyond measure. Ranchers and farmers thrived. By the time he went to college inthe valley was about to ship lettuce across America in refrigerated railroad cars.
His father was County Treasurer and his mother, a former schoolteacher. John graduated from Salinas High School in and attended classes at Stanford University, leaving in without a degree.
He was variously employed as a sales clerk, farm laborer, ranch hand and factory worker. Inhe traveled by freight from Los Angeles to New York, where he was a construction worker. Fromhe was a caretaker in Lake Tahoe, CA. His first novel, "Cup of Gold," was published in Inhe moved with the singer who would become his second wife to New York City.
They had two sons, Thom b. Inhis close friend Ed Ricketts died, he went through a divorce, he took a a tour of Russia, and he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. His wrote the screenplay for Viva Zapata!
He received three Academy Award nominations. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in His ashes lie in Garden of Memories Cemetery in Salinas. According to his biographer Jay Parini and the New York Times, Steinbeck in the mids was the most popular deceased American writer, with ,00 copies of his works selling annually.
His popularity has not diminished over the years but has rather increased, particularly after Oprah Winfrey made his "East of Eden" the first selection of her revived book club in The book immediately became the 2 bestseller on amazon. Normally, the book sells fewer than 50, copies annually.
It is a remarkable phenomenon considering that the book originally was a 1 best seller when it was published in !. Steinbeck, one of the seminal American authors of the 20th century, was humiliated when the N.
Times excoriated the Swedish Academy for naming him the winner of the Nobel Prize Literature forsaying there were more deserving writers to honor. Humble and blunt, when asked whether he deserved it at his press conference after receiving the news of the prize, he answered, "No. While Steinbeck had been enormously popular in his home country, penning four 1 best sellers, his critical reputation had sagged since the mids.
However, he had remained a highly respected author outside the U. In fact, so high was his esteem, he was singled out for extra-special treatment during the Stockholm ceremonies. Though that pleased him, he remained bitter about the criticism his fellow Americans had put him through until the end of his life.
Two sons with 2nd wife: Thom and John IV. Only Thom survives as of this writing June He has recently published a book of short-stories, and is said to be working on a novel.This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and first published in the book series Les Prix Nobel.
It was later edited and republished in Nobel Lectures. To cite this document, always state the source as shown above. John Steinbeck died on December 20, Watch video · John Steinbeck Biography Author (–) John Steinbeck was an American novelist whose Pulitzer Prize-winning novel, The Grapes .
Questions and Answers on John Steinbeck J ohn Steinbeck (), born in Salinas, California, came from a family of moderate means. He worked his way through college at . John Steinbeck was the third of four children and the only son born to John Ernst and Olive Hamilton Steinbeck.
His father was County Treasurer and. John Steinbeck, Writer: A Biography [Jackson J. Benson] on benjaminpohle.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Drawing on John Steinbeck 's papers and photographs, and scores of interviews, Jackson J.
Benson explores the influences that contributed to Steinbeck's archetypal sense of American culture and his controversial concerns. An in /5(24). Biography In , Salinas, California was a prosperous farming community, founded about fifty years earlier.
Agriculture was the region’s pay dirt. Only fifteen miles from the Pacific, the mile long Salinas Valley was cool and often foggy, temperatures moderate, and the soil rich beyond measure.