Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Decolonization and the regaining of independence The end of the colonial period and the establishment during —76 of all the former colonies as independent states was attributable both to a change in European attitudes toward Africa and the possession of colonies and to an African reaction to colonial rule born of the economic and social changes it had produced.
The Trouble with Black Boys: Academic Ignorance and Black Intelligence -- a article that foreshadows the development of what is now called culturally responsive or culturally competent teaching -- by linguistic scholar William Labov, who makes the point that "inner-city children do not necessarily have inferior mothers, language, or experience, but that the language, family style, and ways of living of inner-city children are significantly different from the standard culture of the classroom, and that this difference is not always properly understood by teachers and psychologists.
Linguists believe that we must begin to adapt our school system to the language and learning styles of the majority in the inner-city schools. He's author of a number of good books including Black in School: The Timeline Project -- a historical project that presents a critically reflective timeline and more about race relations and gender issues in the U.
What's Wrong with the Rosa Parks Myth?
The Racial Wealth Divide Project -- research and publications documenting ways in which government policies have contributed to racial inequalities. Racial Bias Built Into Tests -- a article about a successful case brought against a statewide Texas aptitude test that was found to have racial bias built into its design -- the article also explains that the test construction methods used in designing this test are common.
Barack Obama's Speech on Race -- as a candidate President Obama delivered this speech on issues of race in America -- read the transcript and listen to it here, or, go to this link to see and hear the speech.
Black Agenda Forum -- video of a March panel discussion with many key African American leaders, scholars, educators, community activists, and others -- the discussion focuses on challenges facing the African-American community and the nation, the question of whether America is in a "post-racial" era after the election of President Barack Obama, and the future of race relations in the U.
Historic Reversals, Accelerating Resegregation, and the Need for New Integration Strategies -- an important report about the increasing segregation and inequality of U. Boundary Crossing for Diversity, Equity and Achievement: Inter-District School Desegregation and Educational Opportunity -- a study that "provides an overview of the educational and social benefits of eight inter-district school desegregation programs — from Boston to East Palo Alto, CA -- that have enabled disadvantaged, Black and Latino students to cross school district boundary lines and attend far more affluent, predominantly White and privileged suburban public schools.
Despite the fact that these programs are out of sync with the current political framing of problems and solutions in the field of education, the research on these programs to date suggests that they are far more successful than recent choice and accountability policies at closing the achievement gaps and offering meaningful school choices.
The Little Rock Nine: How Desegregation Changed Us: The central finding is that desegregation "fundamentally changed the people who lived through it. Applied Research Center -- an organization working to "advance racial justice through research, advocacy and journalism.
An Examination of Racial Discrimination in U. ERASE Racism -- an organization that "develops and promotes policies and initiatives to end the perpetuation of institutional racism in arenas such as public school education, housing, health care, and economic development.
Lies My Teacher Told Me: A Hidden Dimension of American Racism; and more.
The Sounds of Silence: Talking Race in Music Education -- a article about the importance of creating an approach to music education that's anti-racist in its goals and practices. Breaking Down Barriers -- a report on a high school program in Michigan that successfully brought students together across racial and other social and cultural divisions.
Race Bridges -- an organization that offers free lesson plans to promote interracial understanding. National Alliance of Black School Educators NABSE -- an organization "dedicated to improving the educational experiences and accomplishments of African American youth through the development and use of instructional and motivational methods that increase levels of inspiration, attendance and overall achievement".
Engaging African American Males in Reading -- a great article by Alfred Tatum, with many useful insights and great teaching ideas and examples -- published in Educational Leadership inand available here online. Black Students Are Not Culturally Biased Against Academic Achievement -- this study about African American students' attitudes toward school and academic achievement shows that where an anti-achievement attitude develops, it is "over time and is most likely to occur in schools where blacks are grossly underrepresented in the most challenging courses" -- i.
Race and Education -- a site with good programs and links with a particular focus on continued segregation in U.Colonialism and the African Experience Chapter 4 IntroduCtIon Colonization of Africa by European countries was a monumental milestone in This chapter focuses on the major European colonial powers in Africa.
It will begin by comparing and contrasting in some detail the racial attitudes of the British, the French, and the Portuguese, proceeds. • In comparing colonial experiences, the colonial period in Asia and Africa had nothing like the devastating demographic consequences for indigenous peoples in the Americas.
• Slavery on plantations was a critical feature of the colonial experience in the Americas but not in Asia and Africa. Colonial Social Classes. Enslaved Field Hands Slavery existed in all the British American colonies.
Africans were brought to America to work, mainly in agriculture. European colonial powers sought natural resources in African colonies and needed the requisite labor force to extract them and simultaneously build the colonial city around these industries.
Because Europeans viewed native bodies as degenerate and in need of taming, violence was necessary to create a submissive laborer. Types of Slavery in Africa.
Search the site GO. History & Culture. African History Key Events Even after the abolition of the slave trade in Africa, Colonial powers used forced labor A term usually restricted to medieval Europe in which a tenant farmer was bound to a section of land and was thus under the control of a landlord.
A Brief History of African Music through The Colonial Period African Immigration to Colonial America - An Essay African vs. European Colonial Experiences Colonial Massachusetts and Colonial Virginia Many students expand their view of the world during their time in college.
Such growth often results from encounters between students who have.