Contact the bauhaus movement The Bauhaus movement began in when Walter Gropius founded a school with a vision of bridging the gap between art and industry by combining crafts and fine arts. Prior to the Bauhaus movement, fine arts such as architecture and design were held in higher esteem than craftsmanship i.
Tweet This Share This Bauhaus design was revolutionary for its day. It turned the way the world looked at design completely on its head. Bauhaus sought to combine the fine arts with crafts by closing the schism between art and industry.
Craftsmanship includes disciplines like painting or woodworking. As a result, a broad variety of visual arts came Bauhaus design the Bauhaus design banner and were merged with workmanship to create a utopian design philosophy based on celebrating the aesthetic with the practical.
Today, almost years after its inception, Bauhaus still remains a highly influential force in design and beyond.
Its legacy is seen in everything from glorious typefaces and web designs to buildings and essential design principles. The History of Bauhaus Design The movement's origins can be traced back to one school: Though it was only in operation from toits short existence belies the far-reaching impact this design philosophy has had on the rest of the world in the several decades since.
Pin It Founded by Walter Gropius, a German architect and widely seen as one of the trailblazing members of modernist architecture, the Bauhaus school literally translates to construction house. Over the course of its short life, the school and its design philosophy existed in the following cities and periods: Weimar to Dessau to Berlin to The school was forced to close under intimidation from the Nazi regime, with its directors and staff being forced to leave Germany and emigrate to various countries all over the world.
Bauhaus design dispersion of its faculty was actually a significant factor in helping to spread the Bauhaus design aesthetic worldwide.
Weimar to Inthe Bauhaus school opened its doors with Gropius as its first director. His stated objective was to spearhead a design movement free of the class barriers that put up walls between artists and craftsmen. In its early years of operation, its faculty was a veritable whos-who of pioneering European artists: This set the stage for its relocation to Dessau.
Focusing on volume over mass Using mass-produced and lightweight materials Consistent modular forms A rejection of all color and ornaments Using flat surfaces that alternate with glass At this location, Gropius founded its new architecture program and resigned as director to make way for Hannes Mayer, a Swiss architect and the new director.
For the first time in its history, the school also turned a profit. Unfortunately, the Nazis gained control of the Dessau city council bywhich forced the school to move to yet another location. In Berlin in latehe opened the third iteration of Bauhaus in an abandoned factory, whose rent he paid with his own money.
The Berlin school lasted only for 10 months before it was closed under pressure from the Nazi regime that was gaining power. Pin It In Aprilthe school shut down for good due to this persecution. Thanks to their flight from the Nazis, Bauhaus design traditions lived on and proliferated in various continents.
Characteristics of Bauhaus Design The design philosophy of Bauhaus is form follows function. This is a clue as to how products designed in the Bauhaus aesthetic will look. In other words, Bauhaus is based on a no-frills, no-gimmicks approach that favors utility over show.
This philosophy can be very prominently seen in areas where Bauhaus has had a major impact: When you look at a chair or a building made in the mold of Bauhaus, you immediately notice a stark bluntness to it, with sharp corners and edges and strong lines.
Because of this bare-bones approach, Bauhaus design was indeed somewhat shocking to people in the early 20th century, given the then-radical design departures from the norm.
Qualities of Bauhaus design usually include: Plainness Straightforward simplicity Being conducive to mass production Retaining the integrity of craft materials as in materials should be used in their honest and natural form and not altered Streamlined aesthetics Modernity Bauhaus, therefore, favors pragmatism and practicality in design over beauty for the mere sake of beauty.
Noteworthy Examples of Bauhaus Design Bauhaus has heavily influenced various industries, from graphic design and architecture to typography and furniture.
Typography Bauhaus The namesake font of the design movement, Bauhaus font takes its inspiration from the experimental Universal font of Herbert Bayer from Bayer was widely regarded as the last living member of the design movement until his death in Created inthe Bauhaus font almost resembles a stencil effect in some characters, but it embodies simplicity and straightforwardness above all else.
This appropriately sans-serif typeface features very legible and readable letters with fairly even and thick stroke widths.Design has many connotations.
It is the organization of materials and processes in the most productive way, in a harmonious balance of all elements necessary for a certain function. It is the integration of technological, social, and economical requirements, biological necessities, and the psychological effects of materials, shape, color, volume .
of, relating to, or influenced by a school of design noted especially for a program that synthesized technology, craftsmanship, and design aesthetics. Bauhaus design was revolutionary for its day. It turned the way the world looked at design completely on its head. Bauhaus sought to. The Bauhaus was composed by several departments such as those of industrial design, art, typography, graphic design, photography and architecture.
Its mission was to provide a new, affordable, plain and utilitarian design that could be used by every kind of person and in every area. Stories on the hugely influential Bauhaus school's designs, architecture and people, including Bauhaus , a series celebrating the school's centenary.
The State Bauhaus was founded by Walter Gropius as a school of arts in Weimar in As the Bauhaus was a combination of crafts and arts, its nature and concept was regarded as something completely new back then.
Today, the historical Bauhaus is the most influential educational establishment in the fields of architecture, art and design.