Which tech-savvy degree should you choose?
What Is an Information System? Dave Bourgeois and David T. Bourgeois Learning Objectives Upon successful completion of this chapter, you will be able to: Introduction If you are reading this, you are most likely taking a course in information systems, but do you even know what the course is going to cover?
When you tell your friends or your family that you are taking a course in information systems, can you explain what it is about? For the past several years, I have taught an Introduction to Information Systems course.
The first day of class I ask my students to tell me what they think an information system is. The study of information systems goes far beyond understanding some technologies. Defining Information Systems Almost all programs in business require students to take a course in something called information systems.
But what exactly does that term mean? The Components of Information Systems As I stated earlier, I spend the first day of my information systems class discussing exactly what the term means. Many students understand that an information system has something to do with databases or spreadsheets.
Others mention computers and e-commerce. And they are all right, at least in part: The first way I describe information systems to students is to tell them that they are made up of five components: The first three, fitting under the technology category, are generally what most students think of when asked to define information systems.
But the last two, people and process, are really what separate the idea of information systems from more technical fields, such as computer science. In order to fully understand information systems, students must understand how all of these components work together to bring value to an organization.
Technology Technology can be thought of as the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes. From the invention of the wheel to the harnessing of electricity for artificial lighting, technology is a part of our lives in so many ways that we tend to take it for granted.
Each of these will get its own chapter and a much lengthier discussion, but we will take a moment here to introduce them so we can get a full understanding of what an information system is. Hardware Information systems hardware is the part of an information system you can touch — the physical components of the technology.
Computers, keyboards, disk drives, iPads, and flash drives are all examples of information systems hardware.
We will spend some time going over these components and how they all work together in chapter 2.Information systems (IS) and information technology (IT) are often considered synonymous. In reality, information technology is a subset of information systems.
The perception that these terms can be used interchangeably can cause confusion for individuals interested in pursuing a technology . Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise.
IT is considered to be a subset of information and communications technology (ICT). Management information system (MIS) refers to a larger infrastructure, whereas information technology (IT) is one component of that infrastructure that is used for collecting and transmitting data.
Computer systems analysts, sometimes called systems architects, study an organization’s current computer systems and procedures, and design solutions to help the organization operate more efficiently and effectively.
They bring business and information technology (IT) together by understanding the needs and limitations of both. Both information systems (IS) and information technology (IT) are burgeoning industries that offer job opportunities that have long-term professional growth potential.
An information system (IS) is an organized system for the collection, organization, storage and communication of benjaminpohle.com specifically, it is the study of complementary networks that people and organizations use to collect, filter, process, create and distribute data.