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The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction Save The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical ReproductionDas Kunstwerk im Zeitalter seiner technischen Reproduzierbarkeitby Walter Benjaminis an essay of cultural criticism which proposes that the aura of a work of art is devalued by mechanical reproduction.
The subject and themes of the essay have much influenced the fields of art history and architectural theoryand of cultural studies and media theory.
Our fine arts were developed, their types and uses were established, in times very different from the present, by men whose power of action upon things was insignificant in comparison with ours.
But the amazing growth of our techniques, the adaptability and precision they have attained, the ideas and habits they are creating, make it a certainty that profound changes are impending in the ancient craft of the Beautiful. In all the arts there is a physical component which can no longer be considered or treated as it used to be, which cannot remain unaffected by our modern knowledge and power.
For the last twenty years neither matter nor space nor time has been what it was from time immemorial. We must expect great innovations to transform the entire technique of the arts, thereby affecting artistic invention itself and perhaps even bringing about an amazing change in our very notion of art.
Benjamin reviews the development of the means of the mechanical reproduction of art—an artist manually copying the work of a master artist; the industrial arts of the foundry and the stamp mill in Ancient Greece; woodcut relief-printingetchingengravinglithographyand photography —to establish that artistic reproduction is not a modern human activity, and that the modern means of artistic reproduction permit greater accuracy throughout the process of mass production.
Benjamin discusses the concept of authenticityof being in accordance with fact, noting that "even the most perfect reproduction of a work of art is lacking in one element: Its presence in time and space, its unique existence at the place where it happens to be. The action of mechanical reproduction diminishes the original art work by changing the cultural context original vs.
Benjamin's concept of the aura of a work of art derived from the work of Ludwig Klages. Influence The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction much influenced the intellectualism of the Frankfurt Schoolespecially the aesthetic and political analyses of Theodor W.
AdornoMax Horkheimerand Herbert Marcuse. That the modern means of artistic production and of artistic reproduction have destroyed the aesthetic, cultural, and political authority of art: Benjamin for Architects, Routledge, London, Hansen, Miriam Bratu The Political Philosophy of the Frankfurt School.
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