The Chicago Manual of Style, often abbreviated as CMS, is extensively utilized in works of social disciplines as well as historical periodicals.
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Chicago Manual of Style 17th Edition Summary: This section contains information on The Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation. These resources follow the seventeenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in The other documentation style, the Author-Date System, is nearly identical in content but slightly different in form and is preferred in the social sciences.
This manual, which presents what is commonly known as the "Turabian" citation style, follows the two CMOS patterns of documentation but offers slight modifications suited to student texts. Notes and Bibliography NB in Chicago style The Chicago NB system is often used in the humanities and provides writers with a system for referencing their sources through footnote or endnote citation in their writing and through bibliography pages.
It also offers writers an outlet for commenting on those cited sources. The NB system is most commonly used in the discipline of history. The proper use of the NB system can protect writers from accusations of plagiarism, which is the intentional or accidental uncredited use of source material created by others.
Most importantly, properly using the NB system builds credibility by demonstrating accountability to source material. Introduction to Notes In the NB system, you should include a note endnote or footnote each time you use a source, whether through a direct quote, paraphrase, or summary.
Footnotes will be added at the end of the page on which the source is referenced, and endnotes will be compiled at the end of each chapter or at the end of the entire document.
In either case, a superscript number corresponding to a note with the bibliographic information for that source should be placed in the text following the end of the sentence or clause in which the source is referenced.
If a work includes a bibliography, which is typically preferred, then it is not necessary to provide full publication details in notes.
If you cite the same source again, or if a bibliography is included in the work, the note need only include the surname of the author, a shortened form of the title if more than four wordsand page number s.
However, in a work that does not include a bibliography, it is recommended that the full citation be repeated when it is first used in a new chapter.
In the NB system, the footnote or endnote itself begins with the appropriate full-sized number, followed by a period and then a space. Introduction to Bibliographies In the NB system, the bibliography provides an alphabetical list of all sources used in a given work. This page, most often titled Bibliography, is usually placed at the end of the work preceding the index.
It should include all sources cited within the work and may sometimes include other relevant sources that were not cited but provide further reading. Although bibliographic entries for various sources may be formatted differently, all included sources books, articles, websites, etc.
If no author or editor is listed, the title or, as a last resort, a descriptive phrase may be used. Though useful, a bibliography is not required in works that provide full bibliographic information in the notes.
Common Elements All entries in the bibliography will include the author or editor, compiler, translatortitle, and publication information. If an author is not listed first, this principle applies to compilers, translators, etc.
Titles Titles of books and journals are italicized. Titles of articles, chapters, poems, etc. Publication Information The year of publication is listed after the publisher or journal name. Punctuation In a bibliography, all major elements are separated by periods.
Please note that this OWL resource provides basic information regarding the formatting of entries used in the bibliography.Turabian Style is used mainly for history papers, but it is sometimes used in other disciplines.
Chicago style is a standard used for formatting scholarly books. Turabian knew that most students are concerned with writing papers, so she narrowed the focus and refined the rules specifically for paper writing.
Sierra Writing Center Term Paper Handbook for Chicago (Turabian) Style. CONTENTS CMS Research Paper 1 Title Page 1 Sample Title Page 2 First Page and Pagination 3 Sample First Page with Footnotes 4 Quoting and Blocking 5 Sample Page with Quoting and Blocking 6 Endnotes or Footnotes Format Guidelines for Papers Using Chicago-Turabian Bibliography Style Specific Requirements: Chicago-Turabian style of formatting includes a title page, the main text, plus footnotes Words written in a foreign language should be italicized as well as the titles of.
The Chicago Style of writing is often required for history papers, although this style is also called Turabian Style when referring to research papers. Tips for Formatting the Text Papers written in Chicago or Turabian style usually contain footnotes or end notes. Chicago/Turabian Documentation Style The Chicago or Turabian style, sometimes called documentary note or humanities style, places bibliographic citations at the bottom of a page or at the end of a paper.
Chicago style is outlined in the Chicago Manual of Style and is designed for popular and scholarly publications, while Turabian style is outlined in the same university’s A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations and is tailored specifically to that type of academic writing.