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Hesiod[ edit ] Hesiodboth in his Theogony briefly, without naming Pandora outright, line and in Works and Daysgives the earliest version of the Pandora story.
After humans received the stolen gift of fire from Prometheus, an angry Zeus decides to give humanity a punishing gift to compensate for the boon they had been given. He commands Hephaestus to mold from earth the first woman, a "beautiful evil" whose descendants would torment the human race.
After Hephaestus does so, Athena dresses her in a silvery gown, an embroidered veil, garlands and an ornate crown of silver. This woman goes unnamed in the Theogony, but is presumably Pandora, whose myth Hesiod revisited in Works and Days. When she first appears before gods and mortals, "wonder seized them" as they looked upon her.
But she was "sheer guile, not to be withstood by men. From her is the race of women and female kind: Hesiod goes on to lament that men who try to avoid the evil of women by avoiding marriage will fare no better —7: He reaches deadly old age without anyone to tend his years, and though he at least has no lack of livelihood while he lives, yet, when he is dead, his kinsfolk divide his possessions amongst them.
Hesiod concedes that occasionally a man finds a good wife, but still "evil contends with good.
In this version of the myth lines 60—Hesiod expands upon her origin, and moreover widens the scope of the misery she inflicts on humanity.
As before, she is created by Hephaestus, but now more gods contribute to her completion 63— Finally, Hermes gives this woman a name: Pandora — "All-gifted" — "because all the Olympians gave her a gift" In Greek, Pandora has an active rather than a passive meaning; hence, Pandora properly means "All-giving.
For she brings with her a jar which, due to textual corruption in the sixteenth century, came to be called a box   containing  "burdensome toil and sickness that brings death to men" 91—2diseases and "a myriad other pains" Prometheus had fearing further reprisals warned his brother Epimetheus not to accept any gifts from Zeus.
But Epimetheus did not listen; he accepted Pandora, who promptly scattered the contents of her jar. As a result, Hesiod tells us, "the earth and sea are full of evils" One item, however, did not escape the jar 96—9: Only Hope was left within her unbreakable house, she remained under the lip of the jar, and did not fly away.
Before [she could], Pandora replaced the lid of the jar. This was the will of aegis-bearing Zeus the Cloudgatherer.
Hesiod does not say why hope elpis remained in the jar. When he stole Fire from Mt. Olympus and gave it to mortal man, Zeus punished the technologically advanced society by creating woman.
The opening of the jar serves as the beginning of the Silver Age, in which man is now subject to death, and with the introduction of woman to birth as well, giving rise to the cycle of death and rebirth. For example, the Bibliotheca and Hyginus each make explicit what might be latent in the Hesiodic text: They each add that the couple had a daughter, Pyrrhawho married Deucalion and survived the deluge with him.
However, the Hesiodic Catalogue of Womenfragment 5had made a "Pandora" one of the daughters of Deucalion, and the mother of Graecus by Zeus. In the 15th-century AD an attempt was made to conjoin pagan and scriptural narrative by the monk Annio da Viterbowho claimed to have found an account by the ancient Chaldean historian Berossus in which "Pandora" was named as a daughter-in-law of Noah in the alternative Flood narrative.
Pithos into "box"[ edit ] A pithos from Crete, ca. Difficulties of interpretation[ edit ] Historic interpretations of the Pandora figure are rich enough to have offered Dora and Erwin Panofsky scope for monographic treatment.
He also writes that it may have been that Epimetheus and Pandora and their roles were transposed in the pre-Hesiodic myths, a "mythic inversion". However, according to others Pandora more properly means "all-giving". An alternative name for Pandora attested on a white-ground kylix ca.
Written above this figure a convention in Greek vase painting is the name Anesidora. More commonly, however, the epithet anesidora is applied to Gaea or Demeter.
In view of such evidence, William E. Phipps has pointed out, "Classics scholars suggest that Hesiod reversed the meaning of the name of an earth goddess called Pandora all-giving or Anesidora one-who-sends-up-gifts. Vase paintings and literary texts give evidence of Pandora as a mother earth figure who was worshipped by some Greeks.
The main English commentary on Works and Days states that Hesiod shows no awareness [of this].
On a fifth-century amphora in the Ashmolean Museum her fig.Patriot Mythology. This is a WARNING! Regardless of how much you have done or how good it sounded while you did it. A large portion of the information flying around the internet (especially within groups promoting patriotism and tax protesting) is false, baseless or worse.
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Comparative Mythology is just what its title suggests. It is an overview and comparison of the mythic and epic stories of Vedic, Iranian, Greek, Roman, Celtic, Germanic, Baltic and Slavic cultures.
Buddhism - Mythology: Myth in Buddhism is used at various intellectual levels in order to give symbolic and sometimes quasi-historical expression to religious teachings.
Accepted on its own terms, Buddhism is a supernatural religion in the sense that, without a buddha to reveal them, the truths remain unknown. Only after human beings have received the Buddha’s revelation can they proceed. •Review: On the whole, the Emmys show felt classy in an actually classy way • Emmys: The whole baffling night was a surprise — and not always in the best sense.
I very much enjoy Greek Mythology. I love reading stories about it and learning more and more characters. I go on Free Games at benjaminpohle.com to learn about the different characters on this game called camp half-blood. I always play Athena, the daughter of Zeus, whom sprang from his head.