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From the United States' foundation in through the s, sectionalism gradually brought the country closer to Civil War. The issue of slavery dominated national politics, and both sides -- the North and the South -- rapidly hardened their opposition or support for the institution.
Numerous compromises, including the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise ofattempted to calm tensions, but ultimately failed when sectionalism exploded into war in Missouri Compromise of Beforethere was a tight balance between slave and free states in the U. This calmed Southern fears by ensuring that pro-slavery elements could thwart Northern attempts to ban slavery; likewise, Northerners were happy that they could halt Southern attempts to expand slavery.
InMissouri petitioned to join the Union, and both sides of the sectional crisis became concerned about whether Missouri would be a slave or a free state, because its admission as either would offset the fragile balance in Congress.
A three-part compromise was thus struck: Missouri would join as a slave state, Maine would separate from Massachusetts as a free state, and the rest of the territory in the Louisiana Purchase would be divided, with the northern half closed to slavery and the southern half open to it.
Mexican War and the Compromise of The issue of western expansion continued to rouse sectional disputes, because it opened the door to more states in the union, and new states threatened to offset the national free-slave balance.
This crisis reoccured inwhen California petitioned to join the Union as a free state. The pro-slavery South detested California's admission, because the state had a large population that would give anti-slavery elements in Congress significant numeric support. The Compromise of allowed California's admission as a free state, but also allowed other parts of the Mexican Cession region -- won during the Mexican-American War -- to decide on slavery on the basis of popular sovereignty.
However, this left the slave-free balance unresolved, and enabled future states to ignite further sectional disputes. Republicans and the Slave Power By the mids, sectional tensions in Congress resulted in a new political party: A party of anti-slavery forces, the Republicans placed the national spotlight on the so-called "Slave Power.
Meanwhile, Southerners reacted to the Republicans with paranoia, believing the party was intent on eliminating slavery in the South. While some Republicans did indeed have this goal, most merely wanted to halt its expansion into the Western territories.
Election of and Secession Inthe Republicans nominated Abraham Lincoln for the presidency. Despite Lincoln's stated commitment to halt slavery's expansion in the West, but maintain it where it already existed, Southerns believed he would ban slavery outright.
Sectional jealousies came to a head, and South Carolina became the first state to secede by the end of Other Southern states, distrustful of the Northern section of the country, followed South Carolina's lead, and this rebellion resulted in the Civil War.U.S.
attempts to purchase from Mexico the New Mexico and California territories failed. In , after a clash of Mexican and U.S. troops along the Rio Grande, the United States declared war.
American troops occupied the lightly populated territory of New Mexico, then supported a revolt of settlers in California. Mar 17, · The Mexican–American War was an armed conflict between the United States and Mexico from to in the wake of the U.S.
annexation of Texas. Mexico claimed ownership of Texas as a breakaway province and refused to recognize the secession and subsequent military victory by Texas in Status: Resolved. The U.S.-Mexican War had a tremendous impact on the history of both countries. For the United States, this was the nation's first foreign war .
The escalation of sectionalism intensified because of the Mexican-American War, the Gold Rush of , and the Fugitive Slave Act. James Knox Polk was the President when Texas was annexed to the United States as a slave state on Dec.
29, The Mexican–American War, also known in the United States as the Mexican War and in Mexico as the American intervention in Mexico, was an armed conflict between the United States of America and the United Mexican States from to The Impact of Sectionalism in the Mexican-American War PAGES 3.
WORDS View Full Essay. More essays like this: slavery, american sectionalism, mexican american war, tariffs. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. Exactly what I needed.