Cooperating Nations or Unified Superstate? A long history of efforts to unite Europe have resulted in the recent creation of the European Union EU. Throughout its history, Europe has often been torn apart by war.
In a historic referendum in JuneAustrian voters indicated their desire to join the EU, and in January Austria became a member. The following year, Austrians commemorated 1, years of common history.
At the end of the war, several western European countries sought closer economic, social, and political ties to achieve economic growth and military security and to promote a lasting reconciliation between France and Germany. The ECSC created a free-trade area for several key economic and military resources: To manage the ECSC, the treaty established several supranational institutions: A series of further international treaties and treaty revisions based largely on this model led eventually to the creation of the EU.
The EEC created a common market that featured the elimination of most barriers to the movement of goods, services, capital, and labour, the prohibition of most public policies or private agreements that inhibit market competition, a common agricultural policy CAPand a common external trade policy.
Signing of the Treaty of Rome, March 25, AP Images The treaty establishing the EEC required members to eliminate or revise important national laws and regulations.
In particular, it fundamentally reformed tariff and trade policy by abolishing all internal tariffs by July It also required that governments eliminate national regulations favouring domestic industries and cooperate in areas in which they traditionally had acted independently, such as international trade i.
The treaty called for common rules on anticompetitive and monopolistic behaviour and for common inland transportation and regulatory standards. The CAP, which was implemented in and which became the costliest and most controversial element of the EEC and later the EU, relied on state intervention to protect the living standards of farmers, to promote agricultural self-sufficiency, and to ensure a reliable supply of products at reasonable prices.
To advise the Commission and the Council of Ministers on a broad range of social and economic policies, the treaty created an Economic and Social Committee. It also combined the councils of the three organizations into a common Council of Ministers. The Commission officially known as the European Commission consists of a permanent civil service directed by commissioners.
It has had three primary functions: Initially, commissioners were appointed by members to renewable four-year terms, which were later extended to five years. In consultation with member governments, the president appoints the heads of the Directorate-Generals, which manage specific areas such as agriculture, competition, the environmentand regional policy.
The Commission has shared its agenda-setting role with the European Council not to be confused with the Council of European organization that is not an EU bodywhich consists of the leaders of all member countries.
Established inthe European Council meets at least twice a year to define the long-term agenda for European political and economic integration. The European Council is led by a president, an office that originally rotated among the heads of state or heads of government of member countries every six months.
Upon the adoption of the Lisbon Treaty inthe presidency was made permanent, with the officeholder being selected by European Council members.
The composition of the council changes frequently, as governments send different representatives depending on the policy area under discussion. All community legislation requires the approval of the council.
The president of the council, whose office rotates among council members every six months, manages the legislative agenda.THE BIRTH OF THE EUROPEAN UNION: US AND UK ROLES IN THE CREATION OF A UNIFIED EUROPEAN COMMUNITY Bruce Carolan I.
INTRODUCTION The European Union came into existence in , as the result of the. Understanding the relationship today means reviewing developments that predate the creation of the European Economic Community The EU is a near-fully unified trade bloc and this, Annual summits are held between United States and European .
It called for a "European Union" that came close to the ideal of a unified federal state like the United States. First, the treaty would establish a common European citizenship. First, the treaty would establish a common European citizenship.
The Significance of a Coherent and Unified European Community for the United States of America PAGES 5. WORDS View Full Essay.
More essays like this: united states of america, coherent european community, the european union, unified european community. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami . Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom join the European Union on 1 January , raising the number of Member States to nine.
The short, yet brutal, Arab-Israeli war of October results in an energy crisis and economic problems in Europe. The European Union (EU) is a unification of 27 member states united to create a political and economic community throughout Europe.
Though the idea of the EU might sound simple at the outset, the European Union has a rich history and a unique organization, both of which aid in its current success.