According to historians, social and economic problems that plagued Germany after World War I enabled a dictatorship to come to power there in the s. Promising to restore glory to a defeated nation, skilled orator Adolf Hitler and his right-wing Nazi party exploited distrust of democratic leadership to gain a foothold in the government via elections. In January Hitler became chancellor of Germany, and by July, all other political parties in the country had been outlawed.
What does learning about the choices people made during the Weimar Republic, the rise of the Nazi Party, and the Holocaust teach us about the power and impact of our choices today?
Guiding Questions How did the Nazi Party, a small and unpopular political group inbecome the most powerful political party in Germany by ?
Learning Objectives Through class discussion and a written response, students will examine how choices made by individuals and groups contributed to the rise of the Nazi Party in the s and s. Overview In a previous lesson, students explored the politics, culture, economics, and social trends in Germany during the years of the Weimar Republic toand they analyzed the strength of democracy in Germany during those years.
Students will review events that they learned about in the previous lesson and see how the popularity of the Nazis changed during times of stability and times of crisis. They will also analyze the Nazi Party platform and, in an extension about the election, compare it to the platforms of the Social Democratic and Communist Parties.
By tracing the progression of the Nazis from an unpopular fringe group to the most powerful political party in Germany, students will extend and deepen their thinking from the previous lesson about the choices that individuals can make to strengthen democracy and those that can weaken it.
This lesson includes multiple, rich extension activities if you would like to devote two days to a closer examination of the rise of the Nazi Party. By FebruaryHitler had given it a new name: The Nazis believed that citizenship should not only bestow on a person certain rights such as voting, running for office, or owning a newspaper ; it also came with the guarantee of a job, food, and land on which to live.
In an attempt to capitalize on the chaos caused by runaway hyperinflation, Hitler attempted to stage a coup known as the Beer Hall Putsch in Munich to overthrow the government of the German state of Bavaria on November 23, The attempt failed and resulted in several deaths.
Although they should have been deported because they were not German citizens they were Austrian citizensthe judge dispensed with the law and gave them the minimum sentence—five years in prison. Hitler only served nine months, and the rest of his term was suspended. In the book, published inhe maintained that conflict between the races was the catalyst of history.
That new empire would also represent a victory over the Communists, who controlled much of the territory Hitler sought. Hitler, like many conservative Germans, regarded both Communists and Jews as enemies of the German people.
The Bolsheviks were the communist group that gained power in Russia in and established the Soviet Union. The Jews, according to Hitler, were everywhere, controlled everything, and acted so secretly and deviously that few could detect their influence. ByHitler was out of prison and once again in control of the Nazi Party.
The attempted coup had taught him an important lesson. Never again would he attempt an armed uprising. Instead, the Nazis would use the rights guaranteed by the Weimar Constitution—freedom of the press, the right to assemble, and freedom of speech—to win control of Germany.
However, in the German economy had begun to improve. Bythe country had recovered from the war and business was booming. As a result, fewer Germans seemed interested in the hatred that Hitler and his Nazi Party promoted.
The same was true for other extreme nationalist groups. Then, inthe stock market crashed and the worldwide Great Depression began.
Leaders around the world could not stop the economic collapse. To an increasing number of Germans, democracy appeared unable to rescue the economy, and only the most extreme political parties seemed to offer clear solutions to the crisis.
Communists promised to distribute German wealth according to the common good. The Nazis blamed the Jews, Communists, liberals, and pacifists for the German economic crisis.
Among them were wealthy industrialists who were alarmed by the growth of the Communist Party and did not want to be forced to give up what they owned. Both the Communists and the Nazis made significant gains in the Reichstag German parliament elections in President Hindenburg and his chancellors could not lift Germany out of the depression.
Their popular support began to shrink. In JanuaryHindenburg and his advisors decided to make a deal with Hitler. He had the popularity they lacked, and they had the power he needed. They were also certain that he, too, would fail to end the depression.
When he failed, they would step in to save the nation. But they were tragically mistaken.Start studying How did Hitler change Germany from a democracy to a dictatorship Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Start studying Rise of Dictators. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
He led the National Socialist German Workers' Party in the s and became dictator of Germany in He led Europe into WWI. This war was used as a "Trial Run" before taking the war into WWII. what is manipulated to. Hitler was made chancellor of Germany in Hitler vowed that he would ignore the treaty of Versailles and bring Germany back to power.
Hitler said that Germans were a superior race, and that Jews and Slaves were inferior. Adolf Hitler: Adolf Hitler, leader of the Nazi Party (from /21) and chancellor and Fuhrer of Germany (–45). He was the leader of Germany during that country’s participation in World War II, and he oversaw the Nazi Party’s implementation of the Holocaust, which resulted in the deaths of .
They creates a very shaky political situation for the Nazis party. Hitler’s rise in power is actually quite weak, although on the surface one can argue the opposite.
His party was a large one at the time of election but did not hold the majority, not enough to establish the government by itself. You were redirected because the question What were the two main reasons that led to Hitler's rise to power in Germany?
was merged with this question and started dictatorship in Germany. and others started supporting Hitler. Remember, before the great depression, the Nazi party was a miniscule party with 2 percent support. It had a lot.