Understanding the formation of acid rain and its negative effects

Acid rain is destroying more of our natural resources and man-made structures everyday. It pollutes our air and water, even prevents the growth of plants. This report aims to tell you about the formation, effects, causes and prevention of acid rainfalls. It is also known as acid deposition, and comes in the forms of rain, fog, snow, gases and dust.

Understanding the formation of acid rain and its negative effects

Forms of Acid Rain

Human Health The Effects of Acid Rain on Ecosystems This figure illustrates the pH level at which key organisms may be lost as their environment becomes more acidic.

Not all fish, shellfish, or the insects that they eat can tolerate the same amount of acid.

Understanding the formation of acid rain and its negative effects

An ecosystem is a community of plants, animals and other organisms along with their environment including the air, water and soil. Everything in an ecosystem is connected. If something harms one part of an ecosystem — one species of plant or animal, the soil or the water — it can have an impact on everything else.

Causes, Effects and Solutions of Acid Rain - Conserve Energy Future

Effects of Acid Rain on Fish and Wildlife The ecological effects of acid rain are most clearly seen in aquatic environments, such as streams, lakes, and marshes where it can be harmful to fish and other wildlife.

As it flows through the soil, acidic rain water can leach aluminum from soil clay particles and then flow into streams and lakes. The more acid that is introduced to the ecosystem, the more aluminum is released. Some types of plants and animals are able to tolerate acidic waters and moderate amounts of aluminum.

Others, however, are acid-sensitive and will be lost as the pH declines. Generally, the young of most species are more sensitive to environmental conditions than adults.

At pH 5, most fish eggs cannot hatch. At lower pH levels, some adult fish die. Some acidic lakes have no fish. Even if a species of fish or animal can tolerate moderately acidic water, the animals or plants it eats might not.

For example, frogs have a critical pH around 4, but the mayflies they eat are more sensitive and may not survive pH below 5. Effects of Acid Rain on Plants and Trees Dead or dying trees are a common sight in areas effected by acid rain. Acid rain leaches aluminum from the soil.

That aluminum may be harmful to plants as well as animals. Acid rain also removes minerals and nutrients from the soil that trees need to grow.

The trees are then less able to absorb sunlight, which makes them weak and less able to withstand freezing temperatures. This capacity depends on the thickness and composition of the soil and the type of bedrock underneath it.

In areas such as mountainous parts of the Northeast United States, the soil is thin and lacks the ability to adequately neutralize the acid in the rain water.

As a result, these areas are particularly vulnerable and the acid and aluminum can accumulate in the soil, streams, or lakes. Episodic Acidification Melting snow and heavy rain downpours can result in what is known as episodic acidification.

This short duration of higher acidity i. Acid rain also contains nitrogen, and this can have an impact on some ecosystems.Which negative effects of acid rain affect cars and trucks?

damage to the paint and finish and increased susceptibility to rust T or F, Automobiles produce NOx, but very little SOx. Effects of Acid Rain on Fish and Wildlife. The ecological effects of acid rain are most clearly seen in aquatic environments, such as streams, lakes, and marshes where it can be harmful to fish and other wildlife.

Understanding the formation of acid rain and its negative effects

As it flows through the soil, acidic rain water can leach aluminum from soil clay particles and then flow into streams and lakes. Acidification has some indirect effects on human health also. Acid rain affects each and every components of ecosystem.

Acid rain also either in wet or dry form by rain as acid deposition. Initially events Acid rain and its ecological consequences-. 8 Effects on materials and buildings: Acid rain and the dry deposition of acidic particles contribute to the corrosion of metals (such as bronze) and the deterioration .

Other Effects: Acid rain leads to weathering of buildings, corrosion of metals, and peeling of paints on surfaces. Buildings and structures made of marble and limestone are the ones especially damaged by acid rain due to the reactivity of the acids in the rain and the calcium compounds in the structures.

Acid rain is a rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic, meaning that it has elevated levels of hydrogen ions (low pH).

It can have harmful effects on plants, aquatic animals and infrastructure.

Acid rain - Wikipedia