The workers from restaurants and other trades who say there are rampant violations in minimum wage and other labor laws in New York were calling on Governor Cuomo to take action to ensure that all workers in New York receive a real increase in the minimum wage including workers who rely on tips from customers.
February 22, EPI Briefing Paper Unions, the economy, and employee free choice by Harley Shaiken Download print-friendly PDF version Like the temperatures in a severe winter freeze, union membership continues to sink to record lows.
The latest numbers indicate that 7. Does this mean that Americans no longer want to join unions? Not according to the most recent polls.
Hart Research Associates Inover 31, people—one worker every 17 minutes—were disciplined or even fired for union activity, according to the National Labor Relations Board NLRB annual report, resulting in a big chill on labor's numbers and a "democracy deficit" for the entire society.
Unions paved the way to the middle class for millions, pioneering benefits along the way such as paid pensions and health care. Now, labor's decline squeezes the middle class, raises inequality, and undermines democratic values.
What the Act does is straightforward: In addition, it provides meaningful penalties for those who would violate workers' rights and ensures that, if workers choose a union, then collective bargaining actually results. The Act restores free choice and balance to a system that currently is driven by aggressive employers, anti-union consultants, coercion, and fear.
As Studs Terkel put it, "Respect on the job and a voice at the workplace shouldn't be something Americans have to work overtime to achieve" Today, if workers seek to organize, the National Labor Relations Board NLRB sets a secret-ballot election generally a month or two following the formal request.
With these rules the playing field is not simply tilted against organizing, unions are shut out of the stadium. What's more, penalties are nearly nonexistent for violating the diminished rights workers do retain.
Americans rightly hold secret-ballot elections sacred, but elections are only as democratic as the context in which they take place. These NLRB-supervised elections are often so unfair that they approximate plebiscites in a dictatorship rather than a functioning democracy.
The ballots may be counted honestly but the outcome ratifies the coercive, even threatening atmosphere in which the vote occurs.
This dismal state of affairs was not always the case. Seventy-two years later, amendments, court decisions, and administrative precedents have corroded the Act's original intent. Today, "trying to exercise those right[s] is another matter entirely," notes Fortune magazine, elaborating that "workers are routinely fired or discriminated against for supporting unions, most employers hire anti-union consultants to block organizing drives, and some go so far as to close down work sites when employees vote for a union" Gunther Kenneth Roth, the executive director of Human Rights Watch, was even more direct.
Diminishing the right to organize damages democracy. Schultz commented, reflecting his experience as both a labor-management mediator and Secretary of State Silk President Ronald Reagan spoke eloquently about the role of unions in a democratic society in the early s.
He spoke of their struggle to "sustain the fundamental human and economic rights" such as "the right to work and reap the fruit's of one's labor, the right to assemble, the right to strike, and the right to freedom of expression" Woolsey and Gerhard.
At the time, he was speaking about communist Poland, but the sentiments are just as important in the United States today. Beyond their bedrock role in a democracy, unions are the principal voice of working families in the political arena, pushing for issues such as the minimum wage, unemployment insurance, Medicare and Medicaid, and a host of other measures.
As union numbers fade, this voice becomes more muted and progressive politics become weaker Radcliff and Davis This examination of the state of unionism in the United States is composed of four sections.
In the first, titled the "Great Disconnect," I examine the broken link between the rise of productivity and stagnant or even falling real wages, a trend that has led to the growth of inequality. In the second section, "High Road," I explore the union advantage in wages and benefits and then look at the relationship between unionization and competitiveness.
I argue that unions can provide a high road to competitiveness: The third section is a historical snapshot that provides a brief overview of the Wagner Act, from its passage to today. The Great Disconnect These are tough times for America's working families.
Strong economic growth, record profits, and the fastest productivity increases since the s should be good news for the economy, but only a thin slice at the top is enjoying higher living standards. Business analysts across the political spectrum now widely acknowledge that the link between a strong economy and the well-being of the middle class is broken.
Paul Krugman agreed, stating that "All indicators of the economic status of ordinary Americans—poverty rates, family incomes, the number of people without health insurance—show that most of us were worse off in than we were inand there's little reason to think that was much better" Krugman B, We are living through the Great Disconnect: Not since the s in the United States has the link between a strong economy and the well-being of the middle class been this tenuous.
Competitive success in the world market does not guarantee more jobs and higher wages; in fact, it can as easily result in the reverse. The flip side of this disconnect is that corporate profits have more than doubled since and, according to Moody economist Mark Zandi, "profit margins have never been as wide" Zandi1.
During this period, U. Profits as a share of national income have jumped from 7.union avoidance rationale, strategies, and practices 1 2.) Would you expect a stronger anti-union response from an employer in manufacturing or an employer in a service industry?
An employer in the service industry would likely have a stronger anti-union response than an employer in manufacturing%(10). This is for an Fair Practices–Labor Relations in the Public Sector Class Each one below need to be answere in grave detail.
Each one should be a Paragrapgh per question with APA formatting. This assignment for all below should Read More. To what extent do the model(s) or paradigm(s) present a clear set of measures for assessing leadership and determining group or organizational outcomes?/5(K).
Would you expect a stronger anti-union response from an employer in a manufacturing environment or a service environment? Why? I would expect a heavier anti-union response from the manufacturing industry for a wide variety of reasons. Would you expect a stronger anti-union response from an employer in a manufacturing environment or a service environment?
Why? I would expect a heavier anti-union response from the manufacturing industry for a wide variety of reasons. I would expect a heavier anti-union response from the manufacturing industry for a wide variety of reasons.
Firstly, because due to the fact there is more market power in manufacturing giving unions more leverage to exact demands from employers.